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Isaac Newton (25.12.1642 — 20.03.1727) — English physicist, mathematician and astronomer.
Isaac Newton was born on 25 December 1642 at Woolsthorpe Manor in Woolsthorpe-by-Colsterworth, Lincolnshire, England. His father was a wealthy farmer, who died 3 months before the birth of Isaac. His mother, Hannah Ayscough, married for the second time when Newton was three years old. Afterwards she left Isaac in the care of his grandmother and began to live with her new husband.
When Newton was twelve he was admitted to The King’s School, Grantham. He studied there until seventeen. Newton abhorred farming but his mother wanted him to manage a household.
From 1661 he was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge. Four years later Newton discovered the generalized binomial theorem.
Isaac Newton made a lot of discoveries in mathematics, physics, astronomy and other sciences. One of the most famous books of Newton is Philosophi? Naturalis Principia Mathematica. It was published in 1687. There are a lot of important discoveries in this book including universal gravitation and three laws of motion. The first practical reflecting telescope was also invented by Newton. Between 1670 and 1672 he studied optics. As a result Newton showed that a prism could decompose white light into a spectrum of colours. Isaac Newton is an author of the development of differential and integral calculus and he shares this mathematical discovery with Gottfried Leibniz. As legend has it Newton developed the theory of gravitation when he watched an apple that fell from a tree. Isaac Newton also attempted to predict the end of the world and he supposed that the world would end no earlier than 2060.
It should be noted that Isaac Newton was religious and studied theology. According to different sources he was Antitrinitarian. Newton studied the Bible and published some of his theological researches.
Newton also devoted his time to alchemy but he didn’t publish any alchemical works. It is known that mercury was found in his hair after his death. According to the suppositions this was a result of his alchemical experiments.
It is also known that between 1689 and 1690 and in 1701 Isaac Newton was a member of the Parliament of England. Isaac Newton never married and died intestate.
He spent last years of his life in the residence at Cranbury Park, near Winchester. He died in London in 1727. Isaac Newton was interred in Westminster Abbey. Many scientists consider Newton to be the greatest genius in the history of mankind.
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Although Isaac Newton is well known for his discoveries in optics (white light composition) and mathematics (calculus), it is his formulation of the three laws of motion—the basic principles of modern physics—for which he is most famous. His formulation of the laws of motion resulted in the law of universal gravitation.
After interrupted attendance at the grammar school in Grantham, Lincolnshire, England, Isaac Newton finally settled down to prepare for university, going on to Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1661, somewhat older than his classmates. There he immersed himself in Aristotle’s work and discovered the works of René Descartes before graduating in 1665 with a bachelor’s degree.
Isaac Newton was born to a widowed mother (his father died three months prior) and was not expected to survive, being tiny and weak. Shortly thereafter Newton was sent by his stepfather, the well-to-do minister Barnabas Smith, to live with his grandmother and was separated from his mother until Smith’s death in 1653.
Isaac Newton is widely known for his published work Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica (1687), commonly known as the Principia. His laws of motion first appeared in this work. It is one of the most important single works in the history of modern science.
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Isaac Newton, in full Sir Isaac Newton, (born December 25, 1642 [January 4, 1643, New Style], Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire, England—died March 20 [March 31], 1727, London), English physicist and mathematician, who was the culminating figure of the Scientific Revolution of the 17th century. In optics, his discovery of the composition of white light integrated the phenomena of colours into the science of light and laid the foundation for modern physical optics. In mechanics, his three laws of motion, the basic principles of modern physics, resulted in the formulation of the law of universal gravitation. In mathematics, he was the original discoverer . (100 of 5543 words)
Isaac Newton Biography
Born In: Lincolnshire, England
A genius and proficient physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and alchemist, Sir Isaac Newton is considered to be the greatest and the most influential scientist of all time. One of the paramount contributors of the 17th century ‘Scientific Revolution,’ he developed the principles of modern physics which he laid out in his book, ‘Philosophiae, Naturalis, Principia Mathematica.’ Popularly known as ‘Principia,’ the book highlighted the concepts of universal gravitation and laws of motion that remained at the forefront of scientific theories for centuries. Furthermore, he worked on and developed the theory of color. He was the first to lay out the fact that color is an intrinsic property of light and that when reflected, scattered, or transmitted, a white light decomposes into numerous colors, often seen in the spectrum or in the rainbow. He was responsible for building the first practical telescope. Newton also contributed to the study of power series, generalized the binomial theorem to non-integer exponents, and developed a method for approximating the roots of a function. Apart from the aforementioned, Newton made noteworthy and substantial contribution in the field of alchemy and theology. In his life, he held numerous significant positions. Apart from serving as the Lucasian Professor of mathematics, and the president of the ‘Royal Society,’ he also served as the Warden and Master of the Mint. It wouldn’t be wrong to say that Newton single-handedly laid the groundwork for future discoveries by scientists across the globe.