Есенин Краткая биография На Английском

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Сергей Есенин — биография на английском с переводом

Краткая биография известного русского поэта Сергея Есенина.

Sergey Yesenin Autobiography

In 1904 Yesenin joined the Konstantinovo zemstvo school. In 1909 he graduated it with an honorary certificate, and went on to study in the local secondary parochial school in Spas-Klepiki. From 1910 onwards, he started to write poetry systematically; In all, Yesenin wrote around thirty poems during his school years. He compiled them into what was supposed to be his first book which he titled «Bolnye Dumy» — Sick Thoughts — and tried to publish it in 1912 in Ryazan, but failed.

He left his village at 17 for Moscow and later Petrograd (subsequently Leningrad, now St. Petersburg). In the cities he became acquainted with Aleksandr Blok, the peasant poet Nikolay Klyuyev, and revolutionary politics.

Yesenin’s first marriage (which lasted three years) was in 1913 to Anna Izryadnova, a co-worker from the publishing house, with whom he had a son, Yuri. 1913 saw Yesenin becoming increasingly interested in Christianity, biblical motives became frequent in his poems. That was also the year when he became involved with the Moscow revolutionary circles: for several months his flat was under secret police surveillance and in September 1913 it was raided and searched.

In 1916 he published his first book, characteristically titled for a religious feast day, Radunitsa (“Ritual for the Dead”).

From 1916 to 1917, Yesenin was drafted into military duty

In August 1917 Yesenin married for a second time, to Zinaida Raikh. They had two children, a daughter Tatyana and a son Konstantin. Tatyana became a writer and journalist and Konstantin Yesenin would become a well-known soccer statistician.

Yesenin supported the February Revolution. Later he criticized the Bolshevik rule.

In 1920–21 he composed his long poetic drama Pugachyov, glorifying the 18th-century rebel .
He was soon the leading exponent of the school.
He also became a habitue of the literary cafes of Moscow, where he gave poetry recitals and drank excessively.

In 1922 he married the American dancer Isadora Duncan. They visited the United States, their quarrels duly observed in the world press. On their separation Yesenin returned to Russia.

Yesenin married again, a granddaughter of Tolstoy, but continued to drink heavily and to take cocaine.
In 1925 he was briefly hospitalized for a nervous breakdown.

Died December 27, 1925 in St. Petersburg, Russia. On 28th December 1925, Yesenin was found dead in the room in the Hotel Angleterre in St Petersburg. He was buried December 31, 1925, in Moscow’s Vagankovskoye Cemetery. His grave is marked by a white marble sculpture.

He was a prolific and somewhat uneven writer. His poignant short lyrics are full of striking imagery. He was very popular both during his lifetime and after his death.

Перевод

В 1904 году Есенин вступил в Константиновское земское училище. В 1909 году закончил его с почетным дипломом и продолжил обучение в местной средней приходской школе в Спас-Клепики. С 1910 года начал писать стихи на постоянной основе. В целом, в школьные годы Есенин написал около тридцати стихотворений. Он собрал их в его первую книгу, которую назвал «Больные думы», пытался опубликовать книгу в 1912 году в Рязани, но потерпел неудачу.

В 17 лет он уехал из деревни в Москву, а затем в Петроград, впоследствии Ленинград, ныне Санкт-Петербург. Там он познакомился с Александром Блоком, крестьянином Николаем Клюевым и революционной политикой.

Первый брак Есенина, который длился три года, был в 1913 году с Анной Изрядновой, сотрудником издательства, с которой у него был сын Юрий. В 1913 году Есенин все больше интересовался христианством, в его стихах часто возникали библейские мотивы. Это был также год, когда он стал участвовать в московских революционных кругах: в течение нескольких месяцев его квартира находилась под наблюдением секретной полиции, а в сентябре 1913 года она подвергалась набегам и обыскам.

В 1916 году он опубликовал свою первую книгу, характерно названную для религиозного праздника Радуница — «Ритуал для мертвых».

С 1916 по 1917 год Есенин был призван в военную службу.

В августе 1917 года Есенин женился второй раз, на Зинаиде Райх. У них было двое детей, дочь Татьяна и сын Константин. Татьяна стала писателем и журналистом, а Константин Есенин станет известным футболистом-статистиком.

Есенин поддержал Февральскую революцию. Позже он подверг критике большевистское правление.

В 1920-21 годах он сочинил свою длинную поэтическую драму про Пугачева, прославляющую повстанца 18-го века.
Вскоре он стал ведущим лидером школы. Он стал завсегдатаем литературных кафе Москвы, где читал стихи и много пил.

В 1922 году он женился на американской танцовщице Айседоре Дункан. Они посетили Соединенные Штаты. Их ссоры отражались мировой прессой. После их развода Есенин вернулся в Россию.

Есенин женился в очередной раз на внучке Толстого, но продолжал сильно пить и принимать кокаин.
В 1925 году он был госпитализирован для лечения нервного срыва.

Умер 27 декабря 1925 года в Санкт-Петербурге, Россия. 28 декабря 1925 года Есенин был найден мертвым в комнате в гостинице «Англетер» в Санкт-Петербурге. Был похоронен 31 декабря 1925 года на Ваганьковском кладбище в Москве. На его могиле белая мраморная скульптура.

Он был одаренным и неоднозначным писателем. Его острая короткая лирика полна ярких образов. Он был очень популярен как во время его жизни, так и после его смерти.

Биография Сергея Есенина на английском языке

Здесь вы можете прочитать биографию Сергея Есенина на английском языке.

Sergey Yesenin (Esenin) (03.10.1895 — 27.12.1925) — Russian lyrical poet.

Sergey Yesenin was born on 3 October 1895 in the Ryazan Province. He didn’t spend much time with his parents and he was substantially brought up by his grandparents. Yesenin began to compose poetry when he was nine.

In 1912 he moved to Moscow and found a job. At first Yesenin worked in a bookshop and then in the printing establishment. A year later he entered Moscow State University and attended there for eighteen months. Russian folklore affected Yesenin’s early poetry. In 1915, a young poet moved to St. Petersburg and met Andrei Bely, Alexander Blok, Nikolai Klyuev and Sergey Gorodetsky there. It is known that Alexander Blok tried his best to promote Sergey Yesenin as a poet.

The first Yesenin’s book was published in 1916. It was called Radunitsa. Yesenin became one of the most famous poets in those days for his touching poesy about simple life and love. In 1913 he married Anna Izryadnova who was his colleague in the publishing house. They had a son.

When Yesenin moved to St. Petersburg he became acquainted with Klyuev who became his close friend. They lived together for some time. In 1916 he was drafted into the army till 1917. Yesenin was also confident that the October Revolution would be an incitement for a better life and he supported it but later was disappointed. Yesenin occasionally criticized the Bolshevik rule in his works.

In 1917 he married Zinaida Raikh who was an actress. It was his second marriage. They had 2 children, Tatyana and Konstantin. Subsequently Sergey and Zinaida fell out and did not live together. In 1921 they divorced. Their son became a prominent soccer statistician and Tatyana became a writer.

In September 1918, Yesenin founded his own publishing house called «Трудовая Артель Художников Слова».

In 1921 he made the acquaintance of Isadora Duncan who was a dancer, eighteen years his senior. She did not speak Russian and Sergey did not know foreign languages. In 1922 they married. He accompanied Isadora on a tour of Europe and the USA but his dipsomania was out of control. Yesenin often razed hotel rooms and made a disturbance in public places. These facts surfaced in the international press. This marriage was not long and in 1923 he arrived in Moscow. After a while Yesenin met Augusta Miklashevskaya who was an actress. He was in a relationship with her.

Yesenin also had a son by Nadezhda Volpin that year. She was a poet. His son, Alexander Esenin-Volpin, became a poet too. Afterwards he left the USSR and became a mathematician in the USA. Sergey Yesenin did not know him.

The last 2 years Yesenin was addicted to drink but at the same time he wrote some of his best poems. In 1925 he married Sophia Andreyevna Tolstaya who was a granddaughter of Leo Tolstoy. She was his fifth wife. She tried to help him jolt out of his depression.

His last poem was written in his own blood. The next day Yesenin hanged himself in the Hotel Angleterre at the age of thirty. Yesenin was buried in Moscow’s Vagankovskoye Cemetery.

Тема Биография Есенина на английском языке: диалоги, сочинение

Поэт – poet [ˈpoʊət]

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Поэзия – poetry [ˈpoʊətri]

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Стихи – verse [vɜːrs]

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-Кто такой Сергей Есенин? Who is Sergey Yesenin?

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-Это великий русский поэт! This is a great Russian poet.

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Биография/Biography

Детство/childhood

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Родился 21 сентября (3 октября) 1895 года в с. Константиново Рязанской губернии в семье крестьянина.

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Образование в биографии Есенина было получено в местном земском училище(1904-1909), затем до 1912 года – в классе церковно-приходской школы. В 1913 году поступил в городской народный университет Шанявского в Москве.

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Born on September 21 (October 3), 1895 in the village of Konstantinovo, Ryazan province in a peasant family.

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Education in the biography of Yesenin was obtained in the local Zemstvo school (1904-1909), then until 1912 – in the class of the parish school. In 1913 he entered the city people’s University of Shanyavsky in Moscow.

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Начало литературного пути/The beginning of the literary path

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Впервые стихотворения Есенина были опубликованы в 1914 году.

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После публикации сборников («Радуница»,1916 г.) поэт получил широкую известность.

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В лирике Есенин мог психологически подойти к описанию пейзажей и крестьянской Руси.

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Начиная с 1914 года Сергей Александрович печатается в детских изданиях, пишет стихи для детей (стихотворения «Сиротка»,1914г., «Побирушка»,1915г., повесть «Яр»,1916 г., «Сказка о пастушонке Пете…»,1925 г.).

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В это время к Есенину приходит настоящая популярность, его приглашают на различные поэтические встречи.

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Yesenin’s poems were first published in 1914.

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After the publication of collections (“Radunitsa”,1916) the poet became widely known.

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In the lyrics of Yesenin could psychologically approach to the description of the landscapes and peasants of Russia.

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Since 1914 Sergey Alexandrovich has been published in children’s editions, writes poems for children (poems “orphan”, 1914., “Beggar”, 1915., the story “Yar”, 1916, ” the Tale of the shepherd Petya…”,1925).

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At this time, Yesenin comes to real popularity, he was invited to various poetic meetings.

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Последние годы жизни и смерть/ The last years of life and death

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В дальнейшем творчестве Есенина очень критично были описаны российские лидеры.

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Осенью 1925 года поэт женится на внучке Л. Толстого – Софье Андреевне. Депрессия, алкогольная зависимость, давление властей послужило причиной того, что новая жена поместила Сергея в психоневрологическую больницу.

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Затем в биографии Сергея Есенина произошел побег в Ленинград. А 28 декабря 1925 года наступила смерть Есенина, его тело нашли повешенным в гостинице «Англетер».

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In the future work of Esenina very critical has been described by Russian leaders.

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In the autumn of 1925 he married the granddaughter of Leo Tolstoy – Sofya Andreyevna. Depression, alcohol dependence, the pressure of the authorities was the reason that the new wife placed Sergei in a neuropsychiatric hospital.

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Then in the biography of Sergei Yesenin there was an escape to Leningrad. And on December 28, 1925, Yesenin died, his body was found hanged in the hotel “Angleterre”.


источники:

http://www.homeenglish.ru/ArticlesEsenin.htm

http://150slov.com/temy/biografiya-esenina/