биография Английской Королевы На Английском

Elizabeth II

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Elizabeth II was born on April 21, 1926, in London.

Elizabeth II is the queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. She is the longest-reigning monarch in British history.

Elizabeth was born into royalty as the daughter of the second son of King George V. After her uncle Edward VIII abdicated in 1936 (subsequently becoming duke of Windsor), her father became King George VI, and she became heir presumptive. Elizabeth assumed the title of queen upon her father’s death in 1952.

The princess’s education was supervised by her mother, who entrusted Elizabeth and her sister to a governess, Marion Crawford. Elizabeth was grounded in history by C.H.K. Marten, afterward provost of Eton College, and had instruction from visiting teachers in music and languages.

Elizabeth was born to Prince Albert and Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon and had a younger sister, Princess Margaret. She is also a descendant of Queen Victoria. Elizabeth married her distant cousin Philip Mountbatten and had four children: Prince Charles (heir apparent), Princess Anne, Prince Andrew, and Prince Edward. Her extensive family includes several grandchildren and great-grandchildren.

Elizabeth II, in full Elizabeth Alexandra Mary, officially Elizabeth II, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of her other realms and territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith, (born April 21, 1926, London, England), queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from February 6, 1952. In 2015 she surpassed Victoria to become the longest-reigning monarch in British history. Elizabeth was the elder daughter of Prince Albert, duke of York, and his wife, Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon. As the child of a younger son of . (100 of 1345 words)

Королева Елизавета (Queen Elizabeth) топик по-английскому

Королева Елизавета (Queen Elizabeth) топик по-английскому рассказывает о действующем монархе Великобритании — Елизавете II. Граждане Великобритании очень любят свою королеву, для многих людей эта сильная женщина является примером для подражания. Для многих женщин эта любительница изысканных брошек и необычных шляпок стала иконой стиля.

Изучив топик по-английскому Королева Елизавета (Queen Elizabeth) вы сможете приятно удивить ваших британских собеседников знаниями об этой удивительной женщине. Королева Елизавета (Queen Elizabeth) топик по-английскому расскажет о детстве, личной жизни, а также деятельности королевы в настоящее время. Прочитав Королева Елизавета (Queen Elizabeth) топик по-английскому вы сможете понять, почему для британцев так важна королева Елизавета II.

Queen Elizabeth II

The full name of Queen Elizabeth is Elizabeth Alexandra Mary. She became queen at the age of 26 after her father King George VI died during his official visit to Kenya in 1952.

The queen of Great Britain participates in various events of symbolic importance and does charity work. The Queen`s job — representing the country is very difficult, because she cannot have a normal lifestyle. But the majority of the British people think that Queen Elizabeth does her job perfectly.

When she was a princess, Elizabeth II tried to lead as «normal» life, as much as it was possible in her situation. She was allowed to play with other children, but she never showed that she was different or better than they were. Elisabeth II even bought shoes for one of her poor friends.

Princess Elizabeth also enjoyed acting. She staged a Christmas pantomime at Windsor with her younger sister Margaret and the children of members of the staff of the Royal Household.

During the Second World War Elizabeth II joined the Armed Forces. She was the first female monarch, who did it. She helped to drive and to repair military trucks. Imagine the picture: the Queen of Great Britain driving or repairing a military truck!

Elizabeth II got married in 1947 to the Duke of Edinburgh, Philip Mountbatten, now Prince Philip, the man who she truly loved and worshiped. When he was young, Prince Philipp was a reckless man: he used to drive his car extremely fast. One day, Elizabeth II and Prince Philipp even got in a car accident. Sometimes Philipp was rude and familiar, his clothes weren’t very tidy and his shoes weren’t always polished. Elizabeth’s family didn`t like Philipp, an her parents were not happy to have Philip as their son-in-law. However, they didn’t want their daughter to be unhappy, so the marriage took place, when the would-be queen was twenty-one. Elizabeth loved Philipp the way he was, for her he was the one.

The Britains love Queen Elizabeth II very much, she is a role model for many people and public figures, because she is always keeping a brave face, inspite of all the difficulties.

Королева Елизавета II

Полное имя королевы Елизаветы — Елизавета Александра Мария. Она стала королевой в возрасте 26 лет, после смерти своего отца, короля Георга VI во время официального визита в Кению в 1952 году.

Королева Великобритании принимает участие в различных мероприятиях, имеющих символическое значение, а так же занимается благотворительностью. Работа королевы — являться представителем страны очень тяжелая, потому что она не позволяет вести нормальный образ жизни. Однако, большинство британцев считают, что королева безупречно выполняет свою работу.

Будучи принцессой, Елизавета II пытались вести настолько «нормальную» жизнь, насколько это было возможно в ее положении. Ей было разрешено играть с другими детьми, но она никогда не показывала что она отличалась от них или была лучше. Она даже покупала обувь для одной из своих бедных подруг.

Принцесса Елизавета также увлекалась актерским мастерством. Она поставила пантомиму в Виндзоре на Рождество вместе со своей младшей сестрой Маргарет и детьми членов персонала королевского двора.

Во время Второй мировой войны Елизавета II служила в Вооруженных Силах. Она стала первой женщиной-монархом кто сделал это. Она помогала водить и ремонтировать военные грузовики. Представьте себе картину: королева Великобритании водит или ремонтирует военный грузовик!

Елизавете II вышла замуж в 1947 за герцога Эдинбургского, Филиппа Маунтбаттена, теперь Принца Филиппа, человека, которого она действительно любила и которым восхищалась. В юности Принц Филипп был довольно безрассудным человеком: он водил свою машину слишком быстро. Однажды Елизавета II и Принц Филипп попали в автомобильную аварию. Иногда Филипп вел себя грубо и фамильярно, его одежда не всегда была чистой, а ботинки начищены. Семье Елизаветы не нравился Филипп, а родители были не рады, что Филипп будет их зятем, но они не хотели, чтобы их дочь была несчастной, поэтому брак был заключен, когда будущей королеве был двадцать один год. Елизавета любила Филиппа таким, какой он есть для нее он был единственным.

Британцы очень любят королеву Елизавету, для многих простых и публичных людей она является образцом для подражания, так как всегда сохраняет достоинство несмотря на трудности.

Elizabeth II

Name: Elizabeth II

Real name: Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor

Birth date: 21 of April 1926 (96 y.o.)

People who were born the same day: find out

Place of birth: London

Career: politician, member of the british royal family, Queen of the United Kingdom

Photos: Elizabeth II

Elizabeth II biography

Childhood and family

The next contender for the throne was considered Henry, the brother of George IV, but he refused the role of heir to the throne in favor of Princess Elizabeth, who at that time was barely 11 years old.

As befits a princess, Elizabeth studied the humanities and the exact sciences, but she paid special attention to the law, including international, and received a decent education without leaving the palace. The princess’s pride was her excellent knowledge of French, which she learned on her own.

In 1940, Princess Elizabeth first spoke on the radio: the thirteen-year-old girl from Buckingham Palace supported children, who had suffered from Nazi bombings. Princess Elizabeth’s sincere words instilled hope in the British people, and she won sympathy even among the citizens, who were critical of the crown.

In 1943, the princess officially took up the position of adviser. Contrary to popular belief, Elizabeth did not perform military service but was in the women’s self-defense detached force, she learned to drive an ambulance, thereby setting an example for women in Britain.

In 1947, on her birthday, Elizabeth again spoke on the radio, assuring the British people that her whole life would be devoted to Britain. In the same year, her marriage to Philip, Prince of Denmark took place.

Coronation

The coronation of the young queen took place on June 2, 1953, in the ancient cathedral of Westminster Abbey. The ceremony was broadcast on national British television, which contributed to the growth in popularity of the new monarch. Millions of Britons literally froze at the television sets, trying not to miss the slightest detail of the most spectacular and beautiful event in the history of Britain.

In spite of the fact that in the post-war years the economy had just begun a long period of recovery, a huge amount of money was allocated from the treasury for the festive decoration of the streets. The snow-white satin dress for the coronation ceremony was created by the court tailor Norman Hartnell. It was embroidered with the national emblems of Britain and the Commonwealth countries ‒ English roses, Canadian maple leaves, and Irish clover, as well as other flowers that have symbolic meaning for Britain.

Reign

During her reign, the Queen met with politicians, entrepreneurial leaders, scientists, and cultural figures. Among celebrities who were honored to visit Buckingham Palace in different years were Elizabeth Taylor, Yuri Gagarin, and The Beatles, as well as presidents of different countries.

Elizabeth II personal life

Since her youth, the Queen’s main hobbies have been horse riding and dog breeding. She has a special love for the corgi dog breed, which is considered the royal dog throughout Europe.

On 9th April, Prince Philip died 2 month before the 100th anniversary.

Queen Elizabeth II now

As enshrined in the traditions of constitutional monarchy, the queen must not interfere in politics, however, the authority of Elizabeth II and her long reign allowed her to influence the course of events in a certain way. Queen Elizabeth II is the most influential woman in the world, but, as many researchers note, she has never used her influence for personal purposes.

In 2019, the Republican part of the British population was dissatisfied with the growth of grants for the maintenance of Queen Elizabeth II-the amount reached 82 million pounds, and the total expenses of the court amounted to 300 million.

In April 2020, Elizabeth II addressed the nation in connection with the coronavirus pandemic in the UK – this was the fifth extraordinary appeal in all 68 years of her reign.


источники:

http://thelang.ru/node/211

http://zoomboola.com/biographies/biography-elizabeth-ii.html